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Update Parent Record Based on Child Record Fields
Set Master Record Field From Detail Record Values
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Update Master Record Based on Detail Records

Bottom-up Query Examples - Detail Record Criteria Selects Master Records

In this example let us assume we have two tables in a master/detail relationship.  The main table contains Tasks which much be completed.



Microsoft Access is a fully capable database and it's primary limitations is the number of concurrent users it will support. Generally, we recommend a limit of 10 to 15 users.

We create databases large and small. Some of our databases help run entire small businesses. We also handle unique businesses such as flyrod manufacturing, cheese making, marina management, and cable tv inventory.


The detail table contains one or more Action Items for each task.   The two tables are linked by Task_ID.  All Action Items must be completed before the Task is complete.  We want to mark the task as done when all the action items have been completed.  We have an AfterUpdate trigger associated with the Completed field in the Action Items form.  Here is the code to update the master table (Tasks) when all items are completed for the task.

Private Sub Action_Complete_AfterUpdate()

    If Me.Action_Complete=true then

        DoCmd.RunSQL ("Update Tasks set Task_Complete=True " & _
        " Where Tasks.Task_ID in " & _
        " (Select Task_ID from Action_Items where Task_ID=" & Me.Task_ID & _
        " Having Max(Action_Items.Action_Completed)=-1 " & _
        " Group By Task_ID)")

    Else

        DoCmd.RunSql ("Update Tasks set Task_Complete=False " & _
        " where Task_ID=" & Me.Task_ID)

    End If

End Sub

Ok... this is more of an SQL example than a visual basic example.  But this is a perfect example of creating a very simple solution to a potentially very complicated task.   The key to creating highly maintainable Access databases is to have a consultant who knows both SQL programming and visual basic programming.

Here is the trick to this query... If all the Action_Completed Yes/No fields are true (-1) then the Max of them will be -1.  If any are not true (0) then the Max will be 0.

You should have indexes on all table fields mentioned in the SQL statement.









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