Access Group By Clause
Group By SQL clause is a query command used to combine data based on the value(s)
in the field(s) of a table(s). The Group By clause is most often used in combination with one or more aggregate functions.
Microsoft Access is a fully capable database and it's primary limitations is the number of concurrent users it will support. Generally, we recommend a limit of 10 to 15 users.
We create databases large and small. Some of our databases help run entire small businesses. We also handle unique businesses such as flyrod manufacturing, cheese making, marina management, and cable tv inventory.
The basic syntax of the Group By statement is:
Group By TableName.Field1, TableName.Field2
The Access group by clause comes after the where clause of a query and before the optional having clause in the query:
Select TableName.FieldName1, Count(TableName.Field2),Avg(TableName.Field3) From TableName Where your criteria
By TableName.FieldName1 Having some criteria.
Note: The ending semicolon is a required component of all SQL statements.
Now see the Access group by clause with real column and table names:
Select M_Employees.Emp_Name, Sum(iif(Daily_Absence=true,1,0)), Avg(Daily_Hours) From M_Employees Where
M_Employees.Work_Date>=#01/01/05# and M_Employees.Work_Date<=#03/31/05# Group By M_Employees.Emp_Name Having Sum(iif(Daily_Absence=true,1,0))>3;
The above query will select distinct employee names whose daily absences total more than 3 during the 1st quarter of
2005 and will display the average of the hours worked per day during the same time period grouped by emp_name.
More Group By Query Examples and Discussion:
Aggregates are most often used in combination
with an SQL Group By clause. ... Note there is no Group By
which is normally associated with an aggregate function...
Having Clause SQL
SQL Having clause: The having clause is used
in conjunction with the SQL group by clause and aggregate functions to
categorize and summarize data into groups...